Fillings are done to remove decay, and replace the affected tooth structure. These days most fillings are done with bonded, tooth-colored composite resin fillings. Caught early enough, cavities can be treated easily without the pain of a root canal or extraction.
Bonding is a treatment done to repair damage from tooth decay, to alter the alignment or spacing of teeth, and for other cosmetic purposes. Layers of gel and primer/bonding agent are applied to the tooth so the material can adhere to the tooth’s surface before being hardened with intense light. The composite resin material is then shaped and polished to achieve a lustrous finish.
Sealant is used to fill in narrow grooves in a tooth that cannot be adequately cleaned by brushing because they are too narrow for the bristles to get in. The build up of plaque in these grooves can form cavities, so the dentist brushes on a coating that seals the grooves and pits, making it possible to brush off all the plaque and keep your teeth healthy.
NON-SURGICAL GUM TREATMENTS
The gums, ligaments, and bone around the teeth (collectively called the periodontium) are the foundation for your teeth. When the periodontium is not healthy (i.e. gum disease), it jeopardizes the teeth just as a bad foundation would threaten the stability of a house. With the proper care, however, it may be possible to return the periodontium to a healthy state. The treatment usually involves a deep cleaning or root planing done under a local anesthetic, along with local antibiotic agents. If the gum disease gets too severe it may need to be treated with surgery or extraction.
X-Rays are focused beams of X-Ray particles that pass through bone to produce an image on special film showing the bone structure through which it passed. X-rays are a necessary part of the diagnostic process. Without an X-ray of the whole tooth and supporting bone and gum tissues there is no real way to detect infection or disease.
We use digital radiography which allows us to take X-rays using 50-70% less radiation than conventional X-rays. Coupled with computer monitoring, digital x-ray technology allows us to enhance the images for better diagnosis of any dental concerns.